THE VEDANGAS

**Vedangas are SIKSHA, KALPA, VYAKARNA, NIRUKTA, CHANDAS AND JYOTISHA.**

**SIKSHA**: Sage Panini is said to
be author of this branch which deals with the science of Vedic sounds concerning
pronunciation, like Udata, Anudata, Swarita, Pracharya, Hraswa, Dirgha and Pluta of the
vowels with the consonants appearing in the Vedic text. Defective pronunciaton of Veda
Mantra would bring contrary or even harmful results.

**VYKARANA:** Sage Panini is the
author of this grammar who has composed 3996 sutras which deals with correct usage of
Vedic words.

**NIRUKTA**: It deals with etymology
of the Vedic Mantras and sage Yaska was said to be the author of this science.

**CHANDAS SASTRA:** Sage Pingala had
composed this which deals with the tone of Vedic Mantras.

**JYOTISHA**: This was said to be
written by Lord Surya and later developed by sage Garga which deals with astrology and
astronomy.

**KALPA:** Kalpa Sutras came about
to explain the different manner of performing the Vedic rites by the followers of
difference Sakhas or branches of Vedas.

**PURANAS:** First among the
supplementary Angas come the Puranas. They are 18 in number, viz Brahma Purana has 10,000
verses, Padma Purana has 55,000 verses, Vishnu Purana has 23,000 verses, Shiva Purana has
24,000 verses, Bhagawata Purana has 18,000 verses, Linga Purana has 11,000 verses, Varaha
Purana has 24,000 verses, Naradiya Purana has 25,000 verses, Markandeya Purana has 9,000
verses, Agni Purana has 15,400 verses, Bhavishya Purana has 14,500 verses, Brahmavaivarta
Purana has 18,000 verses, Skanda Purana has 81,100 verses, Vamana Purana has 10,000
verses, Kurma Purana has 17,000 verses, Mathsya Purana has 14,000 verses, Garuda Purana
has 19,000 verses and Brahamanda Purana has 12,000 verses. These Puranas are said to be
composed by Sage Vyasa.

**UPAPURANAS: **There are eighteen
of them known as SANATKUMARA, NARASIMHA, NANDIKESHWARA, SHIVADHARMA, DURVASA, NARADA,
KAPILA, MANAVA, USHANASA, BRAHMA, VARUNA, KALI, VASISHTA, LINGA, SAMBA, SOURA, PARASARA,
MARICHA AND GARGA.

The next newsletter will discuss about the other supplementary Angas.

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