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THE VEDANGAS

Vedangas are SIKSHA, KALPA, VYAKARNA, NIRUKTA, CHANDAS AND JYOTISHA.

SIKSHA: Sage Panini is said to be author of this branch which deals with the science of Vedic sounds concerning pronunciation, like Udata, Anudata, Swarita, Pracharya, Hraswa, Dirgha and Pluta of the vowels with the consonants appearing in the Vedic text. Defective pronunciaton of Veda Mantra would bring contrary or even harmful results.

VYKARANA: Sage Panini is the author of this grammar who has composed 3996 sutras which deals with correct usage of Vedic words.

NIRUKTA: It deals with etymology of the Vedic Mantras and sage Yaska was said to be the author of this science.

CHANDAS SASTRA: Sage Pingala had composed this which deals with the tone of Vedic Mantras.

JYOTISHA: This was said to be written by Lord Surya and later developed by sage Garga which deals with astrology and astronomy.

KALPA: Kalpa Sutras came about to explain the different manner of performing the Vedic rites by the followers of difference Sakhas or branches of Vedas.

PURANAS: First among the supplementary Angas come the Puranas. They are 18 in number, viz Brahma Purana has 10,000 verses, Padma Purana has 55,000 verses, Vishnu Purana has 23,000 verses, Shiva Purana has 24,000 verses, Bhagawata Purana has 18,000 verses, Linga Purana has 11,000 verses, Varaha Purana has 24,000 verses, Naradiya Purana has 25,000 verses, Markandeya Purana has 9,000 verses, Agni Purana has 15,400 verses, Bhavishya Purana has 14,500 verses, Brahmavaivarta Purana has 18,000 verses, Skanda Purana has 81,100 verses, Vamana Purana has 10,000 verses, Kurma Purana has 17,000 verses, Mathsya Purana has 14,000 verses, Garuda Purana has 19,000 verses and Brahamanda Purana has 12,000 verses. These Puranas are said to be composed by Sage Vyasa.

UPAPURANAS: There are eighteen of them known as SANATKUMARA, NARASIMHA, NANDIKESHWARA, SHIVADHARMA, DURVASA, NARADA, KAPILA, MANAVA, USHANASA, BRAHMA, VARUNA, KALI, VASISHTA, LINGA, SAMBA, SOURA, PARASARA, MARICHA AND GARGA.

The next newsletter will discuss about the other supplementary Angas.